Aluminum and its alloys

Materials: Aluminium

alluminio-materiali-ufg-rimini-pesaro

Aluminum alloys can be classified as foundry alloys and as alloys for plastic tearing. The foundry-defined aluminum is intended for foundry production, while those defined by plastic processing are used in the form of semi-finished products, such as profiles or sheets.

The latter are marked by 4 digits, where the first indicates the series to which they belong, the second the possible modifications to the alloy and the last two define the alloy. In Europe, the four digits are preceded by EN and AW.

Types

UFG can supply most of the aluminum:

CHARACTERISTICS AND FIELDS OF USE OF ALUMINUM ALLOYS

SERIES 1000

Aluminum with a purity higher than 99.0%, limited mechanical resistance, good ductility, good conductivity and excellent resistance to corrosion. Manufacture of household articles, signs, coatings and coverings, light carpentry, molding, small parts, etc.

SERIES 2000

The main alloying element is copper which gives high mechanical strength, higher stiffness, good weldability and limited corrosion resistance.

SERIE 5000

The main alloying agent is magnesium which gives corrosion resistance and good weldability. Suitable for equipment for the chemical and food industry, household utensils, metal furniture, hydraulic structures, etc.

SERIE 6000

The main alloying agents are magnesium and silicon and give good mechanical and weldability properties. It has good corrosion resistance and is suitable for household appliances, road signs, moulding materials, etc.

SERIE 7000

Excellent mechanical resistance, good weldability and corrosion resistance. Suitable for high-strength parts, aeronautics, etc.

Comparative table

Some comparisons between the most used aluminum alloys:

FAMILY AND BASIC ELEMENTS

ALLOY DESIGNATION

Ex UNI

NEW UNI EN

ITALY COMMERCIAL

NUMERIC

CHEMICAL SYMBOLS

SERIES 1000 AL-CU

WORK HARDENING

EN AW-1200

EN AW-AL 99,0 (A)

9001/1

573-3

Aluminium 99

EN AW-1050A

EN AW-AL 99,5 (A)

9001/2

573-3

Aluminium 99,5

EN AW-1070A

EN AW-AL 99,7 (A)

9001/3

573-3

EN AW-1080A

EN AW-AL 99,8 (A)

9001/4

573-3

SERIES 2000 AL-CU

HARDENING

EN AW-2117

EN AW-AL Cu2,5Mg

9002/1

573-3

EN AW-2017A

EN AW-AL Cu4MgSi(A)

9002/2

573-3

Avional 100

EN AW-2014

EN AW-AL Cu4SiMg

9002/3

573-3

EN AW-2024

EN AW-AL Cu4Mg1

9002/4

573-3

Avional 24

EN AW-2011

EN AW-AL Cu6BiPb

9002/5

573-3

11S turnery

EN AW-2007

EN AW-AL Cu4PbMgMn

9002/8

573-3

Turning aluminum

EN AW-2030

EN AW-AL Cu4PbMg

573-3

Turning aluminum

SERIES 3000 AL-MN

WORK HARDENING

EN AW-3103

EN AW-AL Mn1

9003/3

573-3

EN AW-3005

EN AW-AL Mn1Mg0,5

9003/4

573-3

EN AW-3004

EN AW-AL Mn1Mg1

9003/2

573-3

EN AW-3003

EN AW-AL Mn1Cu

9003/1

573-3

SERIES 5000 AL-MG

WORK HARDENING

EN AW-5005

EN AW-AL Mg1(B)

9005/1

573-3

Peraluman 100

EN AW-5050

EN AW-AL Mg1,5(C)

9005/7

573-3

EN AW-5052

EN AW-AL Mg2,5

9005/2

573-3

Peraluman 250

EN AW-5454

EN AW-AL Mg3Mn

9005/3

573-3

EN AW-5154B

EN AW-AL Mg3,5Mn0,3

9005/8

573-3

Peraluman 350

EN AW-5083

EN AW-AL Mg4,5Mn0,7

9005/5

573-3

Peraluman 500

EN AW-5086

EN AW-AL Mg4

9005/4

573-3

EN AW-5056A

EN AW-AL Mg5

573-3

EN AW-5754

EN AW-AL Mg3

573-3

Peraluman 300

SERIES 6000 AL-MG-SI

HARDENING

EN AW-6060

EN AW-AL MgSi

9006/1

573-3

Anticorodal 60

EN AW-6063 EN AW-6012

EN AW-AL Mg0,7Si EN AW-AL MgSiPb

573-3 573-3

Anticorodal 63 BT3

EN AW-6026

EN AW-AL MgSi

573-3

EN AW-6061

EN AW-AL Mg1SiCu

9006/2

573-3

EN AW-6082

EN AW-AL Si1MgMn

9006/4

573-3

Anticorodal 100

EN AW-6005A

EN AW-AL SiMg(A)

9006/6

573-3

SERIES 7000 AL-ZN

HARDENING

EN AW-7003

EN AW-AL Zn6Mg0,8Zr

9007/5

573-3

EN AW-7020

EN AW-AL Zn4,5Mg1

9007/1

573-3

Carpental

EN AW-7075

EN AW-AL Zn5,5MgCu

9007/2

573-3

Ergal 55

EN AW-7012

EN AW-AL Zn6Mg2Cu

9007/3

573-3

** The titles and data provided in the tables are for information only and do not imply any responsibility on the part of UFG srl.

Other materials

Polyurethane and rubber

Over the years we have been able to assimilate the experience required to develop and research rubber compounds for ever-increasing solutions and requirements for a wide range of materials.

Cast Iron

Cast iron is an iron-carbon alloy containing high percentages of carbon that can vary from 2.11% to 6.67%. Within this alloy can be found other elements such as: silicon, phosphorus, sulfur and manganese whose percentages vary according to different cases.

Other services

Gear cutting

With over 30 years of consolidated experience in the field of mechanical machining and gearing, UFG srl mainly produces collaboration with designers in the initial phase of the project. Our production is designed for small and medium series or micro-ring sampling, with profile to ISO standards and special-purpose profiles.

Automatic precision turning

UFG srl carries out CNC turning operations on metal parts and plastic components. Machining is carried out with numerical control machines with automatic loading of the bar with diameters of 1 mm to 85 mm.

Coating

We offer coating service. The most common applications are aluminum, stainless steel and soft-touch effects, with different colors.